Section 2. TRACK
a. Aerial refueling tracks are established to
accommodate refueling operations along a prescribed route. An
aerial refueling track consists of an ARIP, ARCP, and an exit
point. Navigation check points between the ARCP and exit point are
specified, as required, to facilitate navigation along the route.
It also includes the tanker orbit pattern at the ARCP, and the altitude
block(s) assigned for the track.
b. Instructions for preparing and submitting track
proposals are contained in
4 of this chapter.
10-2-2. NAVIGATION ALONG AIR REFUELING
Navigation along an aerial refueling track shall be
accomplished using a combination of airborne equipment and NAVAID's as
Whatever the method of navigation,
participating aircraft shall be expected to adhere to the course
centerline during aerial refueling operations unless deviations
within/beyond the track are specifically approved by the ARTCC/CERAP, or
are authorized in a procedural letter of agreement with the controlling
10-2-3. ARIP ESTABLISHMENTS
The ARIP shall be established:
a. At a distance from the ARCP which shall meet the
requirements of the primary user command.
b. Within 30 degrees either side of the extended
centerline of the track on which the actual air refueling operation is
to be accomplished.
c. Within the same ARTCC/CERAP area as the ARCP
d. So as to provide for a direct course between the
ARIP and ARCP.
10-2-4. DEGREE-DISTANCE TRACK
a. Tracks predicated on degree-distance track
definition shall provide:
1. A means of navigation from the ARIP to the
exit point via a usable NAVAID radial/distance or along offshore
2. A means of navigation from at least one
navigational checkpoint or from the exit point to proceed IFR en route
via a usable NAVAID.
b. Tracks located over water or in remote areas or
beyond the range of fixed NAVAID's shall be predicated on geographical
coordinate route definition with suitable navigation means provided by
the user command.
10-2-5. TANKER ORBIT PATTERNS
The following describes typical orbit patterns for jet
aircraft and turboprop/conventional type aircraft.
a. Turbojet - Normally, a rectangle 60 NM long (48
NM uptrack and 12 NM downtrack from ARCP or anchor point) and 25 NM
wide, oriented longitudinally along the ARIP-ARCP or anchor point
segment of the track so as to provide 7 NM of airspace on the nonholding
side of the refueling track and 18 NM of airspace on the holding side.
This pattern shall normally be designed for left turns.
When right turns are used, the orientation of the orbit pattern will
shift accordingly. (See
10-2-1, Components of a Typical Turbojet Aerial Refueling Track.)
b. Conventional/Turboprop - Normally, a rectangle
34 NM long (27 NM uptrack and 7 NM downtrack from ARCP or anchor point)
and 18 NM wide, oriented longitudinally along the ARIP-ARCP or anchor
point segment of the track so as to provide 4.5 NM of airspace on the
nonholding side of the refueling track and
13.5 NM of airspace on the
holding side. The pattern shall normally be designed for left
turns. When right turns are used, the orientation of the orbit
pattern will shift accordingly. (See FIG
10-2-2, Components of a Typical Conventional/Turboprop Aerial